Considering the Organizational Effectiveness of Maritime Sector SMEs in Indonesia from the Perspective of Knowledge Management, Entrepreneurship Orientation, and Organizational Learning

Rini Safitri, Bayu Ilham Pradana


This research is motivated by the fierce business competition in the maritime sector in Indonesia. In order to compete and grow, SMEs in the maritime sector need to manage knowledge management from the very beginning to learn their environment. Supported by an entrepreneurial orientation and organizational learning, SMEs that have good knowledge management are expected to become effective organizations in achieving their goals. This research belongs to the type of explanatory research using saturated samples in maritime business SMEs. The population comes from four different SMEs in Jakarta and Bandung from 4 SMEs engaged in the maritime sector. The data was processed using the Partial Least Square method due to the limited sample using STATCAL software. The results of this study are: There is a direct influence of Knowledge Management on Entrepreneurial Orientation. Knowledge Management effect on Organizational Learning. However, Knowledge Management does not have impact to the Organizational Effectiveness. And the last, Knowledge Management has an effect on Organizational Effectiveness through Entrepreneurial Orientation and Organizational.


Keywords: Maritime Sector SMEs, Organizational Effectiveness, Knowledge Management, Entrepreneurship Orientation, Organizational Learning.

Full Text:



Alam, et al. (2013). Personal Values and Entrepreneurial Orientation in Malay Entrepreneurs in Malaysia Mediating Role of Self Efficacy. International Journal of Commerce and Management. 25 (4). pp. 385-401.

Antunes, Helder and Pinheiro, Paulo. (2020). Linking Knowledge Management, Organizational Learning and Memory. Journal of Innovation and Knowledge. 5, pp. 140-149.

Buhagiar, Kristina and Anand, Amitabh. (2021). Synergistic Triad of Crisis Management: Leadership, Knowledge Management, and Organizational Learning. International Journal of Organizational Analysis.

Castaneda et al. (2018). Is Organizational Learning Being Absorbed By Knowledge Management ? A Systematic Review. Journal of Knowledge Management. 22(2), pp. 299-325.

Chawla, D., & Joshi, H. (2010). Knowledge management practices in Indian industries. Journal of Knowledge Management, 708-725.

Chien, Shih and Tsai, Ching. (2020). Entrepreneurial Orientation, Learning, and Store Performance of Restaurant: The Role of Knowledge-based Dynamic Capabilities. Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Management. 46, pp. 384-392.

Accompanied by Management Science. Semarang: Diponegoro University.

Douglas et al. (2021). Systemic Leadership Development: Impact on Organizational Effectiveness. International Journal of Organizational Analysis. 30(2), pp. 568-588.

Farooq, Rayees. (2018). Developing a Conceptual Framework of Knowledge Management. International Journal of Innovation. 11(1), pp. 139-160.

Ferdinand. (2015). Management Research Methods: Research Guidelines for theses, Thesis and

Goh, Swee C. (2003). Improving Organizational Learning Capability: Lesson from Two Case Studies. The Learning Organization. v.10 n.4 p.216-227.

Goh SC (2002) Managing effective knowledge transfer: an integrative framework and some practice implication. J Knowl Manag 6(1):23–30

Hair et al. (2010). Multivariate Data Analysis. England : Pearson Prentice Hall.

Hanif, MI, Malik, F., & Hamid, AA (2018). The Effect of Knowledge Management and Entrepreneurial Orientation on Organizational Performance. Journal of Entrepreneurship Education, 1-7

Hernandez and Parlines. (2017). Moderating Effect of Absorptive Capacity on The Entrepreneurial Orientation of International Performance of Family Business. Journal of Family Business Management. 8(1), pp. 58-74.

Hodgins M, MacCurtain S, Mannix-McNamara P (2014) Workplace bullying and incivility: a systematic review of interven- tions. Int J Workplace Health Manag 7(1):54–72 2020. “Proud to be Made in Indonesia, Momentum for Fisheries SMEs to Perform at the National Level” accessed via at-national-level (on April 05, 2022)

Liu, Chih and Lee, Tinko. (2015). Promoting Entrepreneurial Orientation Through The Accumulation of Social Capital, and Knowledge Management. International Journal of Hospitality Management. 46, pp. 138-150. 2021. “Hipmi: MSMEs in the Maritime and Fisheries Sector Start to Rise”. Accessed via (on April 06, 2022)

Mehdibeigi et al. (2016). Customer Knowledge Management and Organization's Effectiveness: Explaining the Mediator Role of Organizational Agility. Social and Behavioral Sciences. pp. 94-103.

Montoya, RA, Martins, I., & Ceballos, HV (2017). Entrepreneurial orientation, assessment and management of projects and impact in corporate entrepreneurship: intention to action. Journal of Management, 37-62.

Mousa et al. (2021). Contexts of Organizational Learning in Developing Countries: The Role of Training Programmes in Egyptian Public Banks. Personnel Review.

Mustaghfir et al. (2020). Human Resource Management Practices, Entrepreneurial Orientation and Firm Performance: What Is The Link?. Measuring Business Excellence. 24 (2). pp. 267-283.

Nugroho, Mahendra. (2018). The Effect of Collaborative Cultures and Knowledge Sharing on Organizational Learning. Journal of Organizational Change Management. 31(5), pp. 1138-1152.

Quinn and Rohrbaugh. (1983). A Spatial Model of Effectiveness Criteria Toward a Competing Values Approach to Organizational Analysis. Management Science.

Rahman et al. (2013). Training and Organizational Effectiveness: Moderating Role of Knowledge Management Process. European Journal of Training and Development. 37 (5), pp. 472-488.

Rofiaty, Rofiaty. (2019). The Relational Model of Entrepreneurship and Knowledge Management Toward Innovation, Strategy Implementation and Improving Islamic Boarding School Performance. Journal of Modeling in Management. 14 (3). pp. 662-685.

Sekaran, U., & Bougie, R. (2016). Research Methods for Business A Skill-Building Approach. Chichester: Wiley.

Sharma and Singh. (2019). A Unified Model of Organizational Effectiveness. Journal of Organizational Effectiveness: People and Performance. 6(2), pp. 114-128.

Sharma and Singh. 2019. Organizational effectiveness: a unified model. HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT INTERNATIONAL DIGEST. VOL. 28 NO. 3 2020, pp. 23-25. 2020. “IMC Series #14: Strategy Review of Maritime Sector MSMEs in the Midst of a Pandemic” accessed via -maritime-amidst-pandemic (on April 05, 2022)

Wee, J., & Chua, AY (2013). The peculiarities of knowledge management processes in SMEs – The case of Singapore. Journal of Knowledge Management, 985-972

William, et al. (2019). Applying an Organizational Effectiveness Approach to Measure Family Business Performance. Journal of Family Business Management. 9(3), pp. 349-374.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2022 Rini Safitri, Bayu Ilham Pradana

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Flag Counter

Published by: 

AIBPM Publisher

Editorial Office:

JL. Kahuripan No. 9 Hotel Sahid Montana, Malang, Indonesia
 +62 341 366222

Supported by: Association of International Business & Professional Management 

If you are interested to get the journal subscription you can contact us at

ISSN 2622-0989 (Print)
ISSN 2621-993X (Online)

DOI: Prefix 10.32535 by CrossREF

Journal of International Conference Proceedings (JICP) INDEXED:


In Process

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.