Elements of Entrepreneur Competencies and Intention to be Entrepreneurs

Christine Winstinindah Sandroto, Yussi Ramawati, Syarief Darmoyo

Abstract


This study aims to determine the effect of the elements of entrepreneurial competencies on entrepreneurial intention in two big cities in Indonesia, namely Jakarta and Balikpapan. The population in this study are business people, both entrepreneurs and those who work in creative industries in Jakarta and Balikpapan. The number of respondents in Jakarta and Balikpapan was 305 and 162. The sampling technique used was convenience sampling. Hypothesis testing shows that the elements of achievement, personal maturity, and orientation to others partially positively and significantly influence the entrepreneurial intention of respondents in Jakarta. Meanwhile, individual achievement, thinking, and problem-solving positively and significantly influence the entrepreneurial intention of respondents in Balikpapan.

 


Keywords


Competency; Entrepreneurial Competencies; Entrepreneurial Intention; Intention

Full Text:

PDF

References


Adesua-Lincoln, A. 2012. Nature of leadership practices of Nigerian female entrepreneurs. International Journal of Business and Social Science 3(10): 50–59.

Alhaj, Baharu Kemat., Yosuf, Mohammed Zain., and Edama, Nita. (2011). Entrepreneurial Intention: An Empirical Study of Community College Students in Malaysia (Bharat Keusahawanan: Suatu Kajian Empirikal Mengenai Pelajar-Pelajar Kolej Komuniti di Malaysia). Jurnal Personalia Pelajar. Bil. 14 pp. 45-58

Arshad, M., Farooq, O., Sultana, N., & Farooq, M. (2016). Determinants of an individual's

entrepreneurial intentions: a gender-comparative study. Career Development International, 21(4),318–338.

Badan Ekonomi Kreatif (Bekraft). (2017). Tonggak Baru ekonomi kretif Indonesia, Retrieved May 08 May 2017 www.bekraf.go.id/profil

Becker-Blease, J.R., & Sohl, J.E. (2007). Do women-owned businesses have equal access to

angel capital? Journal of Business Venturing, 22(4),503-521.

Belcourt, M.L., Burke, R.J. &Lee-Gosselin, H. (1991). The glass box: Women's business

owners in Canada. Canadian Advisory Council on the Status of Women.

Brush, C.G., Greene, P.G., & Welter, F. (2020). The Diana project: A legacy for research on

gender in entrepreneurship. Working Paper, No. 02/20, Institut für Mittelstandsforschung

(IfM) Bonn, Bonn. http://hdl.handle.net/10419/215830

Brinckmann J. (2008). Competence of Top Management Teams and Success of New Technology-Based Firms. Berlin: Springers

Cohoon, J. M., V. Wadhwa, and L. Mitchell. (2010). Are Successful Women Entrepreneurs Different From Men? SSRN 2010: 116.http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1604653

Callisen, L. (2015). Six Softskill for an entrepreneur: A guide to success. www.startupnation.com/articles/6-soft-skill-entrepreneur-guide-success/oct 12

Das, M. (2012). Women entrepreneurs from India: Problems, motivations and success

factors. Journal of Small Business & Entrepreneurship, 15(4),67–81.

Daim, Z. Tun. (1994). Siswazah Perlu Cipta Kerja. Utusan Malaysia, January, 4, pp.2.

Datta, A. (2020). Gender role identity and entrepreneurial intentions: A study with university

students. Doctoral dissertation, Memorial University of Newfoundland.

Dinis, A., Paço, A. F., Ferreira, J., Raposo, M. and Rodrigues, R. G. (2013). 'Psychological characteristics and entrepreneurial intentions among secondary students, Education+ Training, vol. 55, no. 8/9, pp. 3–3.

Dianti, I. R. (2017). Pengaruh Soft Skill Dan Prestasi Belajar Terhadap Persiapan Memasuki Dunia Kerja Pada Siswa Teknik Gambar Dan Bangunan Kelas XI SMK N 2 Bandar Lampung Tahun Pelajaran2016/2017.Skripsi.Fakultas Keguruan Dan Ilmu Pendidikan, Uiversitas Lampung. digilib.unila.ac.id/29090/3/SKRIPSI%20TANPA%20BAB%20PEMBAHASAN.pdf. 22 Feb 2018.

Fischer, E.M., Reuber, A.R. & Dyke, L.S. (1993). A theoretical overview and extension of

research on sex, gender, and entrepreneurship. Journal of Business Venturing, 8(2),151-168.

Gerba, D. T. (2012). 'The context of entrepreneurship education in Ethiopian universities,' Management Research Review, vol. 35, no. 3/4, pp. 225–244.

Gong, L., & Xie, L. Y. (2009). Students’ psychological characteristics of entrepreneurship and countermeasure. Youth Exploration, 3, 68- 72.

Harian, B. (2006), Pendidikan Keusahawanan di IPTA, Trans: Entrepreneurship Education in Public University, 6 June.

Jiang, R. G. (2010). The Entrepreneurial Introduction: Entrepreneur-ship awareness and Entrepreneurship, Beijing: Publishing House of Electronics Industry

Karimi, S., Biemans, H. J. A., Lans, T., Chizari, M. & Mulder, M. (2016). 'The impact of entrepreneurship education: A study of Iranian students' entrepreneurial intentions and opportunity identification, Journal of Small Business Management, vol. 54, no. 1, pp. 187–209.

Kelley, D., Singer, S., & Herrington, M. (2015). (2015)./16 Global Report. Global Entrepreneurship Monitor.

Kerlinger, F.N. & Lee, H.B. (2000). Foundations of behavioral research (4th ed.). Australia:

Wardsworth Thomson Learning.

Kiggundu MN. (2002). Entrepreneurs and entrepreneurship in Africa: What is known and what needs to be done. Journal of developmental entrepreneurship 7(3), 239.

Koellinger, P., Minniti, M., & Schade, C. (2013). Gender differences in entrepreneurial

propensity. Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, 75(2),213-234.

Kolveraid, L., and Moen, O. (1997). Entrepreneurship Among Business Graduates: Does a Major in Entrepreneurship Make a Difference? Journal of European Industrial Training, Vol. 21, No. 4, pp. 154-160.

Kumar, R. (2005). Research Methodology: A Step-by-Step Guide for Beginners. London: Sage Publication Inc.

Matlay, H. (2005). "Researching entrepreneurship and education: Part 1: What is entrepreneurship and does it matter?”, Education & Training, Vol. 47 Nos 8/9, pp. 665–77.

Lalhunthara. (2015). Dimensions of entrepreneurial motivation. The IUP Journal of

Entrepreneurship Development, 3(1),1-16.

Lena, Satellite. (2010). Soft Skills Sumbang 80% Kesuksesan Dalam Dunia Kerja. Available online at http://www.uny.ac.id/berita/UNY/soft-skills- sumbang-80-kesuksesan-dalam-dunia-kerja. Diakses pada hari Jumat, tanggal 5 Juli 2013, pukul 19.05 WIB.

Mitchelmore S, Rowley J. 2013. Entrepreneurial competencies of women entrepreneurs pursuing business growth. Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development 20(1): 125–142.

Mohammad, N., Lim, H.E., Yosuf, N., and Soon. (2015). Estimating the Effect of Entrepreneur Education on Graduates’ Intention to be Entrepreneurs. Emerald Group Publishing Limited. Vol. 57, No. 89, pp. 874-890.

Mushtaq, H. Ahmad., Hunjra, Ahmed Imran., Niazi, G.S.K., Rehman, Kashif-Ur., Azam, Rauf I. (2011). Planned Behavior Entrepreneurship and Intention to Create a New Venture Among Young Graduates. Journal Management & Marketing Challenge for the Knowledge Society, Vol.6, No.3, pp.437–456.

Nasiri, N., & Hamelin, N. (2018). Entrepreneurship is driven by opportunity and necessity:

Effects of education, gender, and occupation in MENA. Asian Journal of Business

Research, 8(2),57-71.

Rahadi, D.R. 2010. Manajemen Kinerja Sumber Daya Manusia. Tunggal Mandiri Publishing, Malang

Ramawati, Y., & Sandroto, C. W. (2019). Entrepreneurial Intention: A Case of Entrepreneurs in Creative Economy. In Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Inclusive Business in the Changing World.

Riyanti, B.P.D., Sandroto, C.W., and Warmiyati, M, T. (2016). Soft Skill Competencies, Hard Skill Competencies, and Intention to Become Entrepreneur of Vocational Graduates. International Research Journal of Business Studies. Vol.9, No. 2, pp. 119-132.

Sandroto, C.W., Ramawati, Y., Darmoyo, S. (2018). The Role of Competencies and Education in Increasing Entrepreneurial Intention in Creative Economy. International Research Journal of Business Studies. Vol.11, No. 1, pp. 31-44.

Sarmah, Ankita; Saikia, Bedabrat; Tripathi, Dhananjay. Journal of International Women's Studies; Bridgewater Vol. 23, Iss. 5, (Apr 2022): 20-40.

Scarborough, Norman M., & Cornwall, Jeffrey R. (2016). Essentials Of Entrepreneurship and Small Business Management. 8th ed. Boston: Pearson Global Edition.

Schumpeter, J.A. (1991), The Theory of Economic Development, Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA (English translation published in 1934).

Shapero, A., & Sokol. L. (1982). Social dimension on entrepreneurship. In Kent, C.A, Sexton, & Vesper, K.H., Eds. Encyclopedia of entrepreneurship. Englewood Cliffs (NJ): Prentice Hall.

Sherman, G. (2004). Competency-Based HRM: A Strategic Resource for Competency Mapping, Assessment and Development Centres. Tata McGraw-Hill

Spencer, L.M.& Spencer, S.M. (1993). Competence at work. Toronto: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Stephan, Ute., and Uhlaner, Lorraine M. (2010). Performance-Based vs. Socially Supportive Culture: A Cross-National Study of Descriptive Norms and Entrepreneurship. Journal of International Business Studies, Vol.41, pp. 1347-1364.

Tateh, O., Latip, H.A. and Awang Marikan, D.A. (2014), “Entrepreneurial intentions among indigenous Dayak in Sarawak, Malaysia: an assessment of personality traits and social learning," The Macro theme Review, Vol. 3 No. 2, pp. 110–119.

Tian, Yuan., Gao, Changchun., (2011): Management Strategies of Creative Industries Uncertainty, IEEE Journal 978-0-7695- 4464-9/11.

Thompson, J.L. (1999), “The world of the entrepreneur – a new perspective”, Journal of Workplace Learning: Employee Counselling Today, Vol. 11 No. 6, pp. 209–24.

Verheul, I., Thurik, R., Hessels, J., and Zwan, P.Van Der. (2010). Factors Influencing the Entrepreneurial Engagement of Opportunity and Necessity Entrepreneurs. Scientific Analysis of Entrepreneurship and SMEs, (March), 1-26

Vracheva, V. & Stoyneva, I. (2020). Does Gender Equality Bridge or Buffer the

Entrepreneurship Gender Gap? A cross-country investigation. International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behavior & Research, 26(8),1827-1844.

Wahjono, I.S. 2015. Manajemen Sumber Daya Manusia.Salemba Empat, Jakarta.

Wang, Xia0xia., and Peng, Ren., (2009): The Creative Industry has come, IEEE Journal 978 1-4244-5268-2/09.

Wijaya. (2016). “Pengembangan Kemampuan Berfikir Kritis Siswa Melalui Strategi Pembelajaran Thingking About Pair Problem Solving”. Prosiding Konferensi Nasional. Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta. 210-215.

Zakaria, S., W.F. Wan Yusoff and R.H. Raja Madun, 2011. Entrepreneurship education in Malaysia: Nurturing entrepreneurial interest amongst students. Journal of Modern Accounting and Auditing, 7(6): 615-620.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.32535/ijabim.v9i1.2864

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2024 Christine Winstinindah Sandroto, Yussi Ramawati, Syarief Darmoyo

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Flag Counter

Published by: 

AIBPM Publisher

Editorial Office:

JL. Kahuripan No. 9 Hotel Sahid Montana, Malang, Indonesia
Phone:
+62 341 366222
Email: journal.ijabim@gmail.com
Website: http://ejournal.aibpmjournals.com/index.php/IJABIM

Supported by: Association of International Business & Professional Management 

If you are interested to get the journal subscription you can contact us at admin@aibpm.org.

ISSN 2614-7432 (Print)
ISSN 2621-2862 (Online)

DOI: Prefix 10.32535 by CrossREF

International Journal of Applied Business and International Management (IJABIM) INDEXED:

    

    

     

In Process

   

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.