Design Integrated Crop-Livestock and Fish Farming Model with LEISA System in North Minahasa Regency

Jolyanis Lainawa, Tilly F. D. Lumy, Eusebius K. M. Endoh


Agricultural land in North Minahasa district has been shrinking.  The number of farming families with land ownership of less than 0.5 ha is increasing due to land fragmentation. Designing an integrated farming system (IAS) model is a solution to the land problem, so that intensive farming can be carried out. This system can also be a solution to self-sufficiency and food self-sufficiency in agricultural products in a sustainable manner. The purpose of the study was to analyse the integrated farming system between crops, livestock and fish with various integrated farming patterns based on land area feasibility, economic feasibility, ecological feasibility, social feasibility for farming development in North Minahasa district.  The results of the analysis obtained that the land area for crops and livestock/fish is between 0.2 ha to 0.4 ha including 0.1 ha for housing and other household businesses. economically, the net income from crops and livestock/fish is at least an average of Rp 175,000 per day. (North Sulawesi UMP 2023 standard, IDR 3,485,000/month), with a ratio of net income to RTP needs ≥ 1.0.  Ecologically, the production of organic matter from livestock/fish is sufficient/exceeds the needs of crops (≥ 1.0) The strategic model for SPT development in North Minahasa district is to increase the variety of farmer income sources, increase the use of organic matter from livestock and agricultural residues, optimise land and soil utilisation


fish crop livestock integration, LEISA

Full Text:



Arifin, B.P. (2020). Sustainable agriculture system sustainable agriculture paper

integrated farming system. Via

Bahasoan, H., & Buamona, S. (2023). Integration of Rice Crops and Cattle in Savana

Jaya Village, Waeapo District, Buru Regency. Parta: Journal of Community Service. 4(1): 33–40

Carof, M., & Godinot, O. (2018). Survey data from 38 integrated crop-livestock farming

systems in Western France. Data in Brief 18:723-726.

Dasgupta, P., Goswami, R., Ali, M.N., Chakraborty, S., & Saha, S.K. (2015).

Multifunctional Role of Integrated Farming System in Developing Countries. International Journal of Bio-resource and Stress Management. 6(3): 424-432.

Djuwendah, E., Priyatna, T., Kusno, K., Deliana, Y., & Wulandari, E. (2018). Building

agribusiness model of LEISA to achieve sustainable agriculture in Surian Subdistrict of Sumedang Regency West Java Indonesia. Published under licence by IOP Publishing Ltd. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, Volume 142, The 4th International Conference on Sustainable Agriculture and Environment (4th ICSAE) 10–12 August 2017, Surakarta, Indonesia.

De Vries, J. W., & Melse, R. W. (2017). Comparing environmental impact of air scrubbers

for ammonia abatement at pig houses: A life cycle assessment. Biosystems Engineering. 161: 53–61.

Endoh, E.K.M., Pandey, J., & Sajow, A.A. (2021). Analysis of the Supply Chain of Local

Beef Cattle Commodity and Beef in North Sulawesi. International Journal of Applied Business and International Management (IJABIM). 6 (3): 78-85.

Elly, F. H., Lomboan, A., Kaunang., Rundengan., Poli, Z., & Syarifuddin. (2019).

Development potential of integrated farming system (Local cattle – food

crops). Animal Production, 21(3), 143–147.

Firman, A., Herlina, L., & Yulianto, S. (2019). Analysis of low external input sustainable

agriculture (Leisa) in agribisnis livestock zone at cinta laksana village,

Tegalwaru subdistrict, Karawang district. Journal of community thinking

Agribusiness-minded science, 5(1), 124-133

Franjaya, E. E., Gunawan, A., & Mugnisjah, W. Q. (2013). Agricultural landscape design

as a vehicle for agricultural education and tourism. Journal of Landscape

Indonesia. 5(1). 7–15.

Fyka, S. A., Limi, M. A., Zani, M., & Salamah, S. (2019). Analysis of the Potential and

Feasibility of Farming with an Integrated Rice Livestock System (Case Study in Silea Jaya Village, Buke District, South Konawe Regency). Journal of Tropical Animal Husbandry Science and Technology. 6(3): 375.

Garrett, R.D., Niles,M., Gil, J., Dy, P., Reis, J., & Valentim. J. (2017). Policies for

reintegrating crop and livestock systems: a comparative analysis. Sustainability 9: 473-495.

Hapsoh., Wawan., Salbiah, D., Yulia, A.E., Dini, I.R. (2021). Development of production

agricultural production development with the low external input sustainable agriculture system (Leisa) system in Langsat Permai village, Bunga Raya sub-district, Siak district. Journal of Community Service JPM Wikrama Parahita. 5 (2).182-188.

Herdiawan, I., Abdullah,L., Sopandie, D., Karti, P.D.M.H ., & Hidayati. N. (2013).

Morphological characteristics of Indigofera zollingeriana fodder plants under different levels of drought stress and pruning intervals. JITV 17: 276-283.

Harahap, K.Z., Iskandarini., Lubis, S.N. (2019). Impact analysis of the rice and livestock

integration programme (SIPT). J. Soc. Econ. Agric. Agribusiness 10:41-55.’

Indrawanto, C., & Atman, (2017). Crop-Livestock Integration is a Solution to Increase

Farmer Income. IAARD Press. Jakarta.

Hawerroth, M. C., Antonio Gonzalez Da Silva, J., Gutkoski, L. C., Arenhardt, E. G., Costa

De Oliveira, A., & Félix De Carvalho, F. I. (2015). Correlations between chemistry components of caryopsis in oat genotypes cultivated in different environments. African Journal of Agricultural Research. 10(47): 4295–4305.

Kalangi, J.K.J., Lainawa, J., & Rintjap, A.K. (2022). Analysis of Strategy for Local Beef

Cattle Competitiveness Development in North Sulawesi. International Journal of Applied Business and International Management (IJABIM). 7 (1): 30-45.

Kallo, R., Tondok, A. R., & Amin, M. (2019). Prospects for Development of an Integration

System for Rice Plants with Cattle in the Development Program in Barru Regency. Agrisystems Journal: Social and Extension Series. 15(1): 15–29.

Kadir, M. J. (2020). Income Analysis of the Integrated Agricultural System, Rice-Cattle

Integration in Tatae Village, Duampanua District, Pinrang Regency. Journal of Animal Science and Industry. 6(1): 42.

Lenzun, G.D., Lainawa, J., & Tumewu, J.M. (2023). Farmer Empowerment in Improving

Beef Cattle Farming Business in Tonsewer Village, Regency Minahasa. Journal of The Community Development in Asia (JCDA). 6(2), 87-98.

Mukhlis, Melinda N., Nofialdi & Mahdi. (2019). Integrated farming system of rice and

cattle. Andalas University National Seminar. Padang. Hal. 446-456. 4/1/Sistem_Pertanian%20%20

Mukhlis., Melinda N., Nofialdi., & Mahdid. (2018). The Integrated Farming System of

Crop and Livestock: A Review of Rice and Cattle Integration Farming. International Journal of Sciences: Basic and Applied Research (IJSBAR). 43 (3): 68-82.

Munandar., Gustiar. F., Yakup., & Hayati.R. (2014). Integrated farming system

Biocyclofarming as an alternative low greenhouse gas emission agricultural cultivation technology to mitigate the impact of global climate change. Buana Sains 14:131-139.

Munandar, Gustiar F, Yakup., Hayati R & Munawar A.I. (2015). Crop-Cattle Integrated

Farming System: An Alternative of Climatic Change Mitigation. Livestock Media Journal 38(2): 95-103.

Nuraini., A, Yuwariah, Y., & Rochayat, Y. (2015). Development of agricultural production

dryland agricultural production development with low external input sustainable agriculture (LEISA) system in Cigadog and Mandalagiri villages, Leuwisari sub-district, Tasikmalaya district. Journal of Science and Technology for Society, 4 (2),113-118.

Ningrum, S., Supriyadi, S., & Zulkarnain, Z. (2019). Analysis of Biogas Development

Strategy as an Alternative Energy for Households by Utilizing Cow Manure Livestock Waste. Journal of Applied Agricultural Research. 19(1): 45.

Reis, C.M.G., Gazarini,L.C., Fonseca, T.F., & Ribeiro, M.M. (2018). Above-ground

biomass estimation of opuntia ficus-indica (L.) Mill. for forage crop in a Mediterranean environment by using non- destructive methods. Exp. Agric. 54:227-242.

Reddy, P.P. (2016). Integrated crop–livestock farming systems. pp 357-370. In:

Sustainable Intensification of Crop Production. Springer, Singapore. Doi:10.1007/978-981-10 27024_23.

Ruhiyat R., Indrawati,D., Indrawati, E., & Siami, L. (2020). Efforts to empower

community in the implementation of integrated farming systems in Injeman village, Cibodas village, Pasirjambu sub-district, Bandung district. Agrocreative Journal. 6 (2). 97-104.

Rhofita, E. I. (2016). Study of the Utilization of Rice Straw Waste in the Upstream

Section. Al-Ard: Journal of Environmental Engineering. 1(2): 74–79.

Suwarto., Agustinus, T.A., & Irzal E. (2015). Designing an integrated farming model

crop-livestock and crop-fish integrated farming model in Telo technology village, Riau. J. Agron. Indonesia 43 (2), 168 – 177.

Sulistiyanto, Y., Sustiyah., Zubaidah, S., & Satata, B. (2016). Utilisation of cow dung

as a source of household biogas in Pulang Pisau Regency, Central Kalimantan province. J. Udayana Serve 15:150- 158.

Seseray, D.Y., Santoso,B., & Lekitoo, M.M. (2013). Production of elephant grass

(Pennisetum purpureum) treated with 0, 50 and 100% N, P and K fertilisers at 45th day defoliation. Animal Science 11:49-55.

Sekaran, U., Lai, L., Ussiri, D. A. N., Kumar, S., & Clay, S. (2021). Role of integrated

crop-livestock systems in improving agriculture production and addressing food security– A review. Journal of Agriculture and Food Research, 5, 100190.

Thorat B. N., Thombre B. M., & Dadge A. V. (2015). Management of Dairy Cow and

Buffalo in Integrated Farming Systems Model in Marathwada Region of Maharashtra. International Journal of Tropical Agriculture. 33 (2): 653-657.

Tangkesalu, D., Lakani, I., Pasaru, F., Valentino., Rosmini., Reynaldi., & Tiana, I.K.D.

(2021). Application of Low External Input Sustainable Agriculture (Leisa) Technology to Produce Healthy Food and Sustain Agricultural Land Productivity in Sigi Regency - Central Sulawesi. Proceedings of Ma Chung National Seminar on Community Service. (1).

Tulele, M., Rawasiah, R., & Ambar, A. A. (2023). Analysis of the Farming Business with

the Livestock Rice Integration System (SIPT) in the Sukamaju Farmer Group, Sidenreng Rappang Regency. National Multidisciplinary Sciences. 2(3): 194–198.

Utami, S., & Rangkuti, K. (2021). Integrated farming system of livestock crops to

increase land productivity: a review. J. Agricultural Sciences. 9(1): 1–6.

Wiesner, S., Duff, A.J. Desai, A.R. &. Panke-Buisse. K. (2020). Increasing dairy

sustainability with integrated crop- livestock farming. Sustainability 12:765-78

Zailan, A. (2022). Analysis Of Production And Integrated Farm Income Of Rice-Beef

Cattle In Kahu sub-district, Bone District. Jurnal Agrimu. 02(02). 29–38.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2024 Jolyanis Lainawa

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Flag Counter

Published by: 

AIBPM Publisher

Editorial Office:

JL. Kahuripan No. 9 Hotel Sahid Montana, Malang, Indonesia
+62 341 366222

Supported by: Association of International Business & Professional Management 

If you are interested to get the journal subscription you can contact us at

ISSN 2614-7432 (Print)
ISSN 2621-2862 (Online)

DOI: Prefix 10.32535 by CrossREF

International Journal of Applied Business and International Management (IJABIM) INDEXED:




In Process


This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.